Harbin China History
Harbin is the capital of the Chinese province of Heilongjiang, also known as Er-bin. Harbin is located in the northeast of the country, about 200 km north of Beijing. In winter, it is the seat of Harbin International Airport, a major international airport for air travel between China and the US, and in winter, the capitals of some northeastern provinces of China, such as Hainan, Hubei and Xinjiang.
The city owes its existence and then its expansion to a 19th-century treaty that gave the Russians permission to build a railway in China to connect to the Siberian railway network. Eastern Railway of China, crossing Manchuria between Harbin, Pogranichny and Changchun. Russian colonists founded the city, which is one of the largest cities of the Russian Empire and the second largest city in Russia after Moscow.
There are 138 trains a day running directly through the city from Harbin Station, which serve Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenyang, Changchun and other cities in China. High-speed trains are also connected to Har bin in Beijing and the cities of Shen Yangyang and Changhan via the "Harbin - Beijing Corridor." The largest cities are Beijing (1.5 million inhabitants), Shanghai (2.2 million) and Guangdong (3.4 million).
If you drive to Harbin, it is worth taking a taxi ride through the city in about 30 minutes, which will supposedly take you to a cemetery suitable for a large number of different people, from small children to the elderly. It is said to be the largest cemetery in the world, with over 1.5 million graves, and is suitable for many different ethnic groups, religions and ethnicities.
It is an unbearably cold place with a temperature of -40 degrees Celsius and a Qing-qing (cold) wind speed of about -20 degrees Celsius.
The 10th century was dominated by people who challenged China to build a centralized state along the "Chinese model," with the Khitans, Jurchen, and finally the Manchus ruling China after their rule by China. Harbin became the leading center where the Chinese Communist Party led the people of northeastern China into a revolutionary struggle and later into a war against the Japanese invaders. After the establishment of New China (1949), the country recovered quickly from the war and became one of the most important cities in the country with a population of over 1.5 million people. The Chinese communists controlled the first major city, and Heilongjiang became the first province to be fully controlled by the Chinese communists.
Now Harbin has set himself the goal of becoming the capital of a new China, made up of Mongolia, the two Koreas and Japan. Chinese national capital developed over time, establishing its position as the country's economic and political power center. Now Harbin is assuming its role as the center of development of the new Chinese country, which includes Mongolia and the "two Koreas" (Japan), as well as its potential to become one of the world's most important cities with a population of more than 1.5 million.
At the beginning of the 20th century, Harbin became an international trading port, where 160,000 emigrants from 33 countries gathered one after the other and 16 countries established consulates. When the Eastern Railway was completed, it was the germ of a modern city. Trade between China and Russia, as well as Sino-Russian trade in 1898, still played an important role in Harbin. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, relations between China and Russia improved, and now Harbin is the focus of trade from China to Russia.
Having the opportunity to visit Harbin was like visiting Chinese Moscow at the same time and discovering the Dragon Tower and the Siberian Tiger Park.
Harbin is not only China's picturesque tourist town, which makes travelers aware of China's wealth of scenic locations and diversity. Harbin is also proud of its role in spreading Marxism in China, and it was one of the most important cities in China during the first five years of the Plan. Its history has been home to many important political and cultural figures such as Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, Mao Tse-tung, Zhou Enlai, Jiang Zemin, etc.
When the Chinese handed over the Eastern Railway in 1928, an economic crisis broke out and many Harbiners moved to Shanghai, Tianjin, and abroad, while the Japanese took over Manchuria in the early 1930s. Under these circumstances, a large number of Jewish soldiers remained, but the Jews began to flee to Harbins. After the end of World War II, many Jews left Harbin in search of a better life in other parts of China.
Chinese migration, by contrast, was a flood of populations inspired by social dysfunction, which testifies to the collapse of the Chinese state. When the Chinese handed over their eastern railway to the Chinese in 1928, an economic crisis broke out and many Jews left Harbin. You will find that the 12 million Chinese citizens who lived against an architectural backdrop of czarist grandeur have gone into the world. After the end of World War II and the Japanese takeover of Block 731 in the early 1930s, most Russians wanted to leave Harbin, and migrants came to Harbin as a port of last resort.